What Is The Paris Agreement Summary
The desire for a more ambitious target was maintained in the agreement, with the promise of further limiting global temperatures to 1.5oC. For the first time in history, this agreement brings together all the nations of the world into one agreement to combat climate change. The Paris Agreement is the first legally binding universal global agreement on climate change adopted at the Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21) in December 2015. Although the United States and Turkey are not parties to the agreement, as they have not indicated their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, they will continue to be required, as an “Annex 1” country under the UNFCCC, to end national communications and establish an annual inventory of greenhouse gases.  The NRDC is saddened to make the Global Climate Action Summit a success based on more ambitious commitments to the historic 2015 agreement and enhanced initiatives to reduce pollution. Indeed, research shows that the cost of climate activity far outweighs the cost of reducing carbon pollution. A recent study suggests that if the United States does not meet its climate targets in Paris, it could cost the economy up to $6 trillion in the coming decades. A lack of compliance with the NPNs currently foreseen in the agreement could reduce global GDP by more than 25% by the end of the century. Meanwhile, another study estimates that achieving – or even exceeding – the Paris targets by investing in infrastructure in clean energy and energy efficiency could have great benefits globally – about $19 trillion. Of the 196 negotiating countries that have signed the agreement, 181 have ratified it to date. Under the agreement, each country has an individual plan (or “National ly Determined Contributions”) to combat its greenhouse gas emissions.
Adaptation issues were at the forefront of the paris agreement. Collective long-term adaptation objectives are included in the agreement and countries must be accountable for their adaptation measures, making adaptation a parallel element of the mitigation agreement.  Adaptation objectives focus on improving adaptive capacity, resilience and vulnerability limitation.  The agreement stated that it would only enter into force (and thus become fully effective) if 55 countries responsible for at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list drawn up in 2015)  ratify, approve or accede to the agreement.   On April 1, 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40% of global emissions, issued a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris climate agreement.  175 contracting parties (174 states and the European Union) signed the agreement on the first day of its signing.   On the same day, more than 20 countries announced plans to join the accession as soon as possible in 2016. The ratification by the European Union has achieved a sufficient number of contracting parties to enter into force on 4 November 2016. These rules of transparency and accountability are similar to those set out in other international agreements. Although the system does not include financial sanctions, the requirements are intended to easily monitor the progress of individual nations and promote a sense of overall group pressure, discouraging any towing of feet among countries that might consider it. The Paris climate agreement, also known as the Paris climate agreement, the Paris climate agreement or the Paris Agreement, is a pact promoted by the United Nations to bring the world`s countries together in the fight against climate change. To contribute to the goals of the agreement, countries presented comprehensive national climate change plans (national fixed contributions, NDC).